ვებ-გვერდი მუშაობს განახლების რეჟიმში
 

Washington 14 NOV 2017 - 04:42 CET Los orígenes de la viticultura se remontan a más de 8.000 años, casi diez siglos antes de lo que se pensaba, según residuos hallados en cerámicas neolíticas encontradas en el sur del Cáucaso. Los orígenes de la viticultura se remontan a más de 8.000 años, casi diez siglos antes de lo que se había estimado hasta ahora, según revelaron residuos hallados en cerámicas neolíticas encontradas en Georgia, en el sur del Cáucaso. Los indicios químicos más antiguos de la producción de vino databan hasta ahora de 5.400 a 5.000 años antes de la era cristiana en las montañas de Zagros en Irán, dijeron los científicos, cuyo hallazgo se publicó este lunes en la revista estadounidense Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). Las excavaciones se centraron en dos yacimientos ricos en cerámicas de principios del Neolítico que datan de entre 8.100 y 6.600 años, Gadachrili Gora y Shulaveris Gora, ubicados a unos 50 kilómetros de Tbilisi. El análisis de los residuos encontrados en ocho jarras con varios milenios de antigüedad reveló la presencia de ácido tartárico, la firma química de las uvas y del vino. También se detectaron otros tres ácidos -málico, succínico y cítrico- relacionados con la viticultura. "Esto sugiere que Georgia probablemente era el corazón de la cuna de la domesticación de las vides y la viticultura", resume a AFP Patrice This, director de investigación del Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agrícola (INRA) de Francia. "Creemos que estamos en presencia de los vestigios de la más antigua domesticación de vides silvestres en Eurasia con el único propósito de producir vino", sostuvo Stephen Batiuk, del Centro de Arqueología de la Universidad de Toronto. "La versión domesticada de uvas para la producción de vino de mesa actualmente tiene más de 10.000 variedades en todo el mundo", agregó, de las cuales 500 solo en Georgia. Según los científicos, esto sugiere que las uvas han sido objeto de cruces para crear diferentes cepas desde hace mucho tiempo en esa región de Eurasia. La combinación de datos arqueológicos, químicos, botánicos, climáticos y de datación muestra que la variedad de vid Vitis vinifera era abundante en los dos sitios de excavación en Georgia. En el Neolítico, el clima era bastante similar al de las regiones vitícolas actuales en Italia y en el sur de Francia. La mayoría de las uvas clásicas pertenecen a esta especie, como la cabernet sauvignon, la chardonnay, la syrah, la merlot, la garnacha, la mourvèdre o la riesling. "Nuestro estudio sugiere que la viticultura fue el principal elemento del modo de vida neolítico, que vio nacer la agricultura, que se extendió en el Cáucaso" y más allá hacia el sur en Irak, Siria y Turquía, señaló el profesor Batiuk. "La cerámica, ideal para fabricar, servir y conservar bebidas fermentadas, se inventó en ese período junto a muchos otros avances en tecnología, la cocina y el arte", precisó. Los investigadores explicaron que en estas sociedades antiguas, beber y ofrecer vino formaba parte de casi todos los aspectos de la vida. "El vino como una medicina, un lubricante social, una sustancia que altera el espíritu e incluso como una mercancía de gran valor, se convirtió en un componente esencial de los cultos religiosos, de la farmacopea, de la cocina, de la economía y de la vida social en todo el Medio Oriente", sostuvo Batiuk. El experto añadió que la viticultura en el Neolítico es un ejemplo perfecto del ingenio humano para desarrollar la horticultura e inventar usos de sus productos derivados.

განთავსების თარიღი: 14.11.2017
 

18.10.2017; Tbilisi – 12 U.S. companies visited Georgia for private sector and government meetings. Companies from the construction, logistics, communications, and technology sectors held business-two-business meetings with the aim of increasing trade, investment, and people-to-people ties. The trade mission is an opportunity for the Georgian government to showcase its economic reforms, high business environment rankings, and strategic location on the New Silk Road. More: http://e.gov.ge/djXyA

განთავსების თარიღი: 24.10.2017
 

21.10.2017, Tbilisi – Georgia conducted municipal elections for 2017, where the country elected authorities, including city mayors and members of city councils. 22 political parties, five election blocs, and one initiative group was registered at the Central Election Commission (CEC) of Georgia. International observers said that efficient administration of the elections and accurate voter registration contributed to the quality of the process. "We have observed an election process where contestants had the opportunity to campaign freely, and in which fundamental freedoms of assembly and expression were generally respected”, said Corien Jonker, Head of the OSCE/ODIHR long-term election observation mission. More: http://e.gov.ge/jEEnd

განთავსების თარიღი: 24.10.2017
 

20.10.2017, Tbilisi – VP, FM Mikheil Janelidze hosted Minister of Foreign Affairs of Poland, Witold Waszczykowski. According to Janelidze, Georgia is consistently moving closer to the EU, through the support of its partner countries, including Poland. Minister Waszczykowski officially opened the new embassy in Tbilisi.

President Margvelashvili and Witold Waszczykowski Discussed: Progress in the European integration, occupied territories of Georgia and Russia’s aggressive actions. Prime Minister Giorgi Kvirikashvili and the MFA head Discussed: Prospects for the development of economic cooperation, as well as regional and European security. More: http://e.gov.ge/JqRFZ http://e.gov.ge/xuUvt

განთავსების თარიღი: 24.10.2017
 

19.10.2017, Brussels - VP, Foreign Minister Janelidze addressed the members of the European Parliament at the Committee on Foreign Affairs on the following issues: Georgia’s democratic transformation, European Integration, main priorities for the upcoming EaP Summit, update on the situation in Georgia's occupied regions, Government’s peaceful conflict resolution policy. “Georgia remains one of the strongest allies of the EU in the region and a key security partner, confirmed by the EU Global Foreign and Security Strategy”-In Brussels, Janelidze met Vice President of European Parliament Ryszard Czarnecki, Co-Chair of the Group of Georgia’s Friends, MEP Clare Moody, EU-Georgia Parliamentary Association Committee Co-chair Sajjad Karim, Laima Andrikienė Member of the European Parliament, Andrejs Mamikins, European parliament Rapporteur on Georgia, Didier Reynders, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs and European Affairs. More: http://e.gov.ge/ElBdZ

განთავსების თარიღი: 24.10.2017
 

16.10.2017, Rome- President of Georgia Giorgi Margvelashvili held meetings with the President of the Italian Republic, Sergio Mattarella and the President of the Italian Senate, Pietro Grasso. Discussed: Development of bilateral and multilateral relations, situation in the occupied territories of Georgia as well as collaboration in energy, education, culture and tourism sectors President Margvelashvili: “Important Step Is Taken Forward to Further Intensify Political Cooperation Between Italy and Georgia” President has delivered a public lecture in NATO Defense College. More: http://e.gov.ge/RdLyK

განთავსების თარიღი: 24.10.2017
 

09.10.2017, Tbilisi- IMF ups the 2017 economic growth forecast to 4.3% and commends the Georgian Government's economic program as impressive, Head of IMF's Mission Mercedes Vera-Martin stated with Georgian PM Kvirikashvili. According to IMF's assessment, the faster economic growth than expected stems from Georgia's prudent policy, the large numbers of trade partners, export, tourism, and investments. More: http://e.gov.ge/XfwmW

განთავსების თარიღი: 17.10.2017
 

09.10.2017, Bucharest- Resolution - “Stability and Security in the Black Sea Region” says: NATO PA supports EU and NATO integration of Georgia and expresses the deepest concern about occupation of Georgian territories and militarization of hereof territories, condemns violation of fundamental human rights and intimidation and destabilization of NATO aspirant states by Russia. The Resolution provides the democratic reforms by Georgia and achieved progress, underlines support of Bucharest Summit 2008 on NATO membership of Georgia. More: http://e.gov.ge/gLLjR

განთავსების თარიღი: 17.10.2017
 

11-12.10.2017, Batumi- Conference addressed a range of complex challenges faced by the Euro- Atlantic security and regional stability. The conference gathered decision-makers, opinion leaders, and civil society representatives to exchange views on global security challenges and defence and security issues of Georgia. 11th Annual Georgia Defence and Security Conference 41st round of the Geneva International Discussions – MFA Statement Discussed: NATO after the Warsaw summit: deterrence through resilience and implications for partners, total defence, hybrid warfare, the future of the European security, NATO and the Black Sea security. "We will be more secure if our neighbors feel safe and stable” said James Appathurai, NATO Secretary General’s Special Representative for the Caucasus and Central Asia, who participated in the conference and held bilateral meetings with Georgian officials. More: http://e.gov.ge/gDMPY http://e.gov.ge/kItQr

განთავსების თარიღი: 17.10.2017
 

11.10.2017, Tbilisi- The meeting reflected the commitment of both sides to take forward cooperation in the area of foreign and security policy in line with the EU-Georgia Association Agreement. The meeting confirmed the EU's appreciation for Georgia's important role in strengthening security and stability in the region and beyond. The Vice Prime Minister, Foreign Minister of Georgia Mikheil Janelidze opened the session and welcomed the launch of the high level Strategic Security Dialogue. More: http://e.gov.ge/NPYra

განთავსების თარიღი: 17.10.2017
 
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